Gingival Diseases

What are the causes of gingival diseases?

Genetic predisposition: The same problems were found to be suffered by families of 30% of individuals with gingival diseases. It is known that particularly individuals who do not pay proper attention to mouth and teeth care are exposed to 6 times more gingival diseases than others, due to this predisposition. Those who are in such a situation should definitely get support from a periodontist.

Smoking: Smoking, an underlying factor for many diseases, paves the way for the development of gingival diseases, by causing the softening of gingiva (gums). Smoking habit that causes tissue damage also delays the healing of wounds during treatment.

Stress: Stress that makes the body vulnerable to infections is also effective in the development of gingival diseases. Since stress causes grinding or clenching of the teeth, it is effective in the reduction of the strength between the teeth and gingiva. Clenching of the teeth is the most important cause for gingival recession.

Malnutrition and obesity: Proper attention should be paid to foods, in order to strengthen the immunity system. When this is ignored, the body becomes vulnerable to diseases. When malnutrition habits and over weights that accelerate the formation of infection are not controlled, it is not possible to prevent the development of gingival diseases.

Vitamin deficiencies: Deficiency of vitamins K, C, B12, folic acid and niacin causes gingival bleeding as well as some other complaints such as nasal bleeding, diarrhea, and weakness.

Hard teeth brushing: Gingival bleeding may occur as a result of tissues damaged due to brushing the teeth with hard movements.

Hormones during pregnancy: Swelling and bleeding problems may occur in the gingiva, where blood flow is faster during pregnancy. Hormones that cause bleeding by accelerating the bacteria formation become more effective, during the second trimester of pregnancy in particular.

Faulty and poor quality dental prostheses: Structures such as crown bridge, filling, prosthesis may cause gingival problems by compressing on the gingiva.

Leukemia, scurvy, diabetes: These disorders may increase tendency of gingival bleeding and cause infections. Patients with these disorders should regularly visit a periodontist during the treatment process.

Drug Use: Individuals using blood thinner drugs, antidepressants, cardiac drugs and birth control pills should pay attention to their oral health. Such drugs may damage the gingiva.

How are gingival diseases diagnosed?

When patients visit a dentist,  the length of the gingiva space between the tooth and gingiva is measured with an instrument called periodontal probe, if symptoms such as gingival redness, swelling and bleeding are observed during the examination of general appearance of the gingiva, Periodontal examinations of adults should definitely be performed during oral examination in their regular dentist visits. If deemed necessary, an X-ray can be taken to assess the bone tissue around the teeth.