What is Implant? How an Implant is Applied?
Implants are artificial tooth roots placed into the jaw bone, and are made to support the prosthesis. They are long-lasting screws mainly produced from titanium to replace missing teeth, which can be used throughout the life without any problem. They are placed into the jawbone by a dentist using a small surgical procedure, in a sterile environment. After this process, the implant fully holds on to the jawbone after approximately two to three months. After these stages, the implant that has taken the place of an original tooth root becomes ready to bear the prosthesis which will be placed on it. In some cases, general anesthesia can be administered to patients. For the implementation of an implant, first a bone structure that can support the implant should be available, and their gingiva must be healthy. In the absence of these, implant is made with additional surgery procedures, and its success rate is very high.
What are the parts of implant?
Today’s most commonly used intraosseous implant consists of three parts. These are;
Infrastructure: This part is the substructure of the implant. This is the part of the implant placed into the jawbone.
Substructure: This part is the upper part of the implant. Fixed or removable prosthesis made on the implant.
Mezostructure: This is the intermediate part of the implant. This connects the other two parts.
The most commonly used types of implant are the cylindrical screw types made of titanium.
What are the types of implant?
Endosteal implants: They are surgically placed in the jawbone. When the gingival tissue is healed, a second process is carried out and the gingiva is given shape. At the last stage, the artificial teeth, bridges or prostheses in groups are connected to the implant. This is the most commonly used type of implant in practice.
Subperiosteal implants: These types consist of a metal frame placed into the jawbone, under the gingival tissue. After the recovery of the gingiva, the metal frame gets fixed to the jawbon. Materials in the metal frame come out of the gingiva. Implants are mounted on them. The most commonly used type is screw-like endosteal.